I went to the second of three classes last night to learn about photovoltaic power, presented by Gary Beckwith of the Solar Bus. I learned a few things. I feel that I have a good basic understanding of solar power but there have been lots of holes in my understanding. Those holes are getting filled in.
Here is one thing I learned. I had the idea that a grid tied system meant you would generate your own energy and what you did not use would be sent back to the grid, and you would get paid for that power. If the power goes out, you still have power. Not so. With a grid-tied system, if the grid goes down, so does your system, so no power, even if the sun is shining. This makes sense from a safety perspective. If the power goes out and someone is working on the power lines, they might get shocked if your system is sending power out.
You can set up a battery back-up system, but this needs to part of the plan from the start. Modifications are not simple. An off-grid system relies on batteries. Any electricity goes into the batteries and you always draw from the batteries. With a “hybrid” system, electricity comes from the panels themselves and the system only draws from the batteries if the grid is down. Phew. Who knew things were so complicated?
I also learned that Vermont’s incentives for installing solar power only apply to grid-tied systems. A self-contained system won’t qualify for any tax credits. And not only does the system have to have the ability to feed power back to the grid, but it needs to be installed by only qualified installers. No DIY of you want to get a tax credit. Maybe that will change. It seems silly not to offer tax credits to any system that reduces fossil fuel use.
If we made some efficiency changes a system for our house might cost $20,000 before any tax credits. We talked last night about how long it might take to make that back. Who knows, really? It would depend on lots of variables, but we are talking twenty years before the energy would be pretty much “free.” Of course, we wouldn’t do it just for financial reasons, but it would be nice if the cost were a little lower.
Gary thinks that even if we made no changes in technology, the cost of solar systems could be cut in half just with increased production and economies of scale. But not enough people are creating demand because the systems cost too much. A Catch-22. I would love to see increased tax (or other) incentives for installation of alternative energy systems. Then perhaps we really could make the investment.
I would love to install a system that integrates a wind generator and solar panels so we could generate energy most of the time. I’ll see what our last class has to offer. Already, I have enough information to think about solar energy in a more informed way. One of these days, we will take the plunge and make it happen for us. When “one of these days” might be, well, that remains undetermined. Until then, I will continue to try to just use less energy. That won’t cost anything.